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Foot notes


       A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures In the New Testament, (Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman Press) VI, 402. “For the phrase apo kataboles kosmou (not in the LXX) there are six other N.T. uses (Matt. 13:35 without kosmou; 25:34; Luke 11:50; Heb. 4:3; 9:26; Rev. 17:8), and for pro kataboles kosmou three (John 17:24; Eph. 1:4; I Pet. 1:20). It is doubtful here whether it is to be taken with tou esphagmenou (cf. 1 pet. 1:20) or with gegraptai as in Rev. 17:8. Either makes sense, and here the most natural use is with esphagmenou.”

            Marvin R. Vincent, Word Studies in the New Testament, (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) II, 528. “From the foundation of the world. These words may be construed with slain or with written. In favor of the latter is ch. Xviii. 8; of the former, 1Pet. I. 19, 20. Alford, pertinently as I think, urges the position of the words in favor of the connection with slain, and says that had it not been for the apparent difficulty of the sense thus conveyed, no one would have thought of going so far back as to hath been written for a connection.”



      2      Epignwsis comes from the Greek root ginosko with a prefix epi. Ginosko means “knowledge” but with the prefix epi means “upon or over knowledge.” Revelation is that which is built on knowledge and reigns over knowledge. So epiginosko should be understood as a higher knowledge or a revelation.



           C. F. Keil and F. Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers) VII, 348. “Jerome makes the following apt remark on ver. 11b : “in stibio, i.e. in the likeness of an elegant woman, who paints her eyes with stibium; referring to the beauty of the city.” Pukh is eye-black (kohl, cf. kachal, Ezek. xxiii. 40), i.e. a sooty compound, the chief component of which was powdered antimony, or else manganese or lead, and which oriental women coloured their eyebrows, and more particularly the eyelids both above and below the eyes, that the beauty of the latter might be all the more conspicuous (2 Kings ix.30).”



       4     William Morris The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Boston: Houghton Mifflin company) 56. “A metallic element having four allotropic forms the most common of which is a hard, extremely brittle, lustrous, silver-white, crystalline material.”